The Mako robotic-arm assisted total knee replacement surgery is a procedure that can help patients suffering from knee arthritis, injuries, and other conditions.
What is Mako Robotic-Arm Assisted Total Knee Replacement Surgery?
Mako robotic-arm assisted total knee replacement surgery is a knee replacement procedure in which the surgeon utilizes the help of a robotic arm. The robotic arm itself will not be performing the procedure. Your orthopaedic surgeon will be the one performing the surgery – they will simply be using the robotic arm as another surgical tool during the procedure.
The process begins by obtaining a CT scan of the patient’s knee in order to generate a 3D virtual model of the patient’s bony anatomy. The Mako software then allows Dr. Botero to make a personalized pre-operative plan based on the patient’s specific bony anatomy.
At the time of surgery, a conventional incision and approach to the knee is performed. This exposure allows Dr. Botero to guide the Mako robotic arm through the pre-defined areas when the personalized pre-operative plan was created. The Mako system is designed to accurately reproduce the pre-operative plan by helping the surgeon stay within the planned boundaries that were defined when the personalized pre-operative plan was created. Once all the bone cuts have been completed, Dr. Botero does a trial reduction to ensure the knee has perfect fit, stability, balance, and motion. Once the trial reduction is deemed perfect, Dr. Botero secures the prosthesis to the ends of the bone using cement. A polyethylene liner is then secured onto the prosthesis that was cemented on top of the shin bone. This liner is what acts as the new “cushion” allowing to knee to function smoothly. A polyethylene liner is also cemented to the back of the knee cap.
With the final prosthesis in place, Dr. Botero washes the knee joint with an antiseptic solution to prevent infection. Before closing the knee joint, Dr. Botero uses a special mixture of medications called a “cocktail” which he injects into multiple locations inside the knee. This injection helps reduce postoperative pain. On average, the entire surgery takes just over an hour.
After surgery, the patient goes to the recovery room and then a hospital room at the joint replacement center that is a specialized wing of the hospital dedicated solely for hip and knee replacement patients. Within a few hours from surgery, the patient is walking down the hallway, goes up and down a flight of stairs and goes in and out of a car simulator. The majority of Dr. Botero’s patients are cleared to go home the same day or the very next morning after surgery. Currently, Dr. Botero is not performing Mako robotic assisted total knee replacement at the outpatient surgery center.
For more information on the Mako Robotic-Arm Assisted Knee Replacement procedure, visit the Stryker website.
Total Knee Replacement Surgery in Knoxville, TN
If you are dealing with debilitating knee pain, a total knee replacement may be your ticket back to an active lifestyle. Dr. Botero and his surgical team have the skills and experience needed to ensure that your total knee replacement surgery is a success. Reach out to us today to set up your appointment at one of our Knoxville Orthopaedic Clinics – 865-558-4444.